The fisheries are managed by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADFG).The Alaska state constitution requires that the salmon habitat is conserved and protected. In 1959, statewide salmon harvests were about 25 million salmon a year. In 1999 (forty years later) Alaska's commercial salmon catch was 214 million fish, the second largest in the state's history. Today, this constitutional requirement as well as effective management has brought the salmon fishery to health.
The legislation includes establishing open and closed seasons; setting quotas, bag limits, harvest limits, sex and size limits; establishing the methods and means employed in the pursuit, capture, and transport of fish; watershed and habitat conservation, management, and improvement; propagating and stocking of fish; and regulating commercial, sport, subsistence, and personal use fishing as needed for the conservation, development, and utilisation of fisheries.
(Adopted from the Marine Stewardship Council website at www.msc.org)